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Hansson, Ingrid (2005) Skördemetoder av industrihampa. Other thesis, SLU.

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Abstract

Hemp is an old agricultural plant and has been used for hundreds of years for making textiles, ropes and other fibre products. In the middle of the last century the Swedish government prohibited all growing of hemp. Natural fibres were replaced by syntetic fibres instead. Today there is a newly awakened interest for using natural fibres from renewable materials. Growing of industrial hemp for fiber is allowed in Sweden again. I want in my Paper give Swedish growers an insight of which harvesting methods that have been tried in Sweden and how they worked. In Germany, where hemp cultivation have been allowed since the middle of the 1990´s, they have developed specialbuilt harvesting machines that been adapted to German conditions. In Sweden its mainly on Gotland new machines manufactures and experiments has been carried out. It's very interesting to compare the growers experiences. I've been talking to five Swedish growers and there are simularities but also differences how they harvest. How the individual farmer harvest from a year to another is often also different. There are many factors that affects the conditions of harvest that you can't help. For example precipitation, when the first frost is coming etc. Things that also matters is the final use of the hemp. If it's for energy production you don't have to take notice about the strength of the fibres. Growers I'd talked to prefer to harvest their hemp in late autumn, in winter or even spring, because the hemp in this season are more or less retted, and you don't have to dry it further. The hemp used for fibers or energy need a frost to stop growing and drop the foliage. It´s a benefit if the leafs stay at the field, it means that the nutrition not leaves the field and it's a great advantage for the ecological cultivators. I will not be surprised if the hemp will be a more extensive crop in Sweden in the future. Hemp is a comprehensive crop that also fit very well in the ecologic cultivation. I think that the farmers in Sweden mainly should grow hemp for extract energy or fibres when our climate is most suitable to this type of cultivation.

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Keywords: hampa, energi
Subject (faculty): Faculty of Landscape Planning, Horticulture and Agricultural Science
Divisions: SLU > Faculty of Landscape Planning, Horticulture and Agricultural Science
Depositing User: Users 85 not found.
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2005
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2015 09:37
URI: http://ex-epsilon.slu.se/id/eprint/768

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