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Fredman, Roger (2005) Ekologisk och småskalig uppfödning av slaktkyckling och kalkon i Sverige. Other thesis, SLU.

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Abstract

In Sweden in January 2005, there is only one producer of organic broilers and none of organic turkeys. But there are, on the other hand, a few small-scale producers whose housing systems to some extent are similar to what is stipulated in the organic standards. The aims of this work are to investigate what housing systems are used by the Swedish small-scale producers of broilers and turkeys, what main challenges they are confronted with and if there is an interest and a possibility for a change-over to organic production. For the first part of this work a literature study was performed with the purpose of detecting the main health problems in conventional as well as smallscale production. A special focus was on coccidiosis and leg weakness as those were considered to be of particular importance. A study was made of Swedish small-scale poultry production units. In two groups of broilers from the same producer and in three flocks of turkeys the level of Eimeria oocysts in faeces and litter was investigated. In two of the turkey flocks oocysts were detected but at a level that did not signify any immediate risk of an outbreak of clinical coccidiosis. In the two groups of broilers the number of oocysts were greater but still at a level that indicates a naturally acquired immunity. With regard to the small number of samples it is hard to draw any conclusions from the results but with account taken to other studies vaccination seems an alternative to control coccidial infections, particularly in larger flocks. Interviews were made with seven Swedish small-scale producers of broilers and turkeys. The interviews showed that animal health, in accordance with the producers' views, generally is good but with a distinct disparity regarding mortality. The contact with authorities was considered a problem, as was the lack of experienced people to consult when getting into different kinds of difficulties. In order to make the contacts with authorities and politicians easier and the marketing towards the consumers more effective, a more organised collaboration between the small-scale producers are proposed in this work. A majority of the interviewed producers expressed an interest in organic farming but none of them believed in a change-over in the immediate future. This was mainly due to the fact that no ecological broiler or turkey feed for the moment is available in Sweden and a concern about the additional costs that ecological production will bring. It is concluded that if ecological poultry meat production is a major ambition of Swedish politicians as well as consumers there must be some guidance on starting ecological production and an ability of financial support.

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Keywords: ekologisk, småskalig, slaktkyckling, broiler, koccidios
Subject (faculty): Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Divisions: SLU > Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Depositing User: Roger Fredman
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2005
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2015 09:32
URI: http://ex-epsilon.slu.se/id/eprint/348

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