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Wejdmark, Ann-Katrin (2009) Effekt av utfodring och motion för utveckling av diabetes mellitus hos gråhund och jämthund. Other thesis, SLU.

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Abstract

This study is a follow up of a pilot study made 2004, that evaluated feeding, exercise and weight as possible risk factors for developing any kind of diabetes in dogs. We have selected our material for a certain kind of DM that exists among Norwegian and Swedish elkhounds. These breeds are among the most common breeds affected by diabetes and this kind of DM almost exclusively affects intact bitches. We performed a case- control study where the owners were interviewed over the phone. The owners of a total of 48 case dogs and 58 control dogs were contacted. The questions for the cases focused on the time before the diagnosis and the questions for the control dogs focused on the dog´s adult life. No significant differences were found between the two breeds and we could therefore treat them as one group. We noticed significant effect on feeding (p<0,05). Dogs that were fed leftovers every day were 3-4 times more likely to develop DM than dogs that only got dry food. We noticed borderline significance for overweight (p=0,053) and we found significance between feeding habits and overweight (p<0,05). Dogs that were fed leftovers every day were 2,5 times more likely to be overweight. We also noticed significant effect on exercise (p<0,05). The dogs were split into two groups, dogs trained with high intensity and dogs exercise with low intensity. The dogs in the low intensity group were 4-5 times more likely to develop DM. If the training consisted of more than 40 percent, the dog was less likely to develop DM (p<0,05). In future studies there should be an evaluation of the quantity of the exercise and also a study of the connection with genetic factors as a risk for developing DM.

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Keywords: diabetes, utfodring, motion
Subject (faculty): Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
Divisions: SLU > Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Depositing User: Ann-Katrin Wejdmark
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2009
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2015 10:16
URI: http://ex-epsilon.slu.se/id/eprint/3407

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