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Slätt, Sara (2008) Hur kan blöt vetedrank lagras, hanteras och utfodras till mjölkkor? Other thesis, SLU.

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Abstract

Distillers' grain is a by-product of ethanol production. Corn, wheat and barley are the grains that are generally used in the distillery process. Distillers' grain is rich in protein and phosphorus. The mineral content and amino acid composition of distillers' grain are proportionate to the content and composition in the original grain. Both wet and dry distillers' grain is used as feed for farm animals. The purpose of the thesis was to investigate how dairy farmers store, deal with and feed distillers' grain to dairy cows. Knowledge about feeding with distillers' grain was gained from study visits to dairy farms and interviews with dairy farmers, advisors and veterinarians. The aim of collecting this information was to be able to give dairy farmers qualified advice about distillers' grain. The wet wheat distillers' grain (WWDG) from Vin & Sprit AB´s distillery in Nöbbelöv, Kristianstad, contains dry matter (DM) of 8-9 % making it possible to pump. When WWDG leaves the distillery it has a temperature of around +25 °C. Analysis of the WWDG produced in week 21, 2007 showed that the crude protein content was 430.4 g per kg DM and the neutral detergent fibre (NDF) content 355.4 g per kg DM. WWDG has a pH of around 4, in low pH only lactic acid bacteria can grow if the temperature is over +15 °C. The crude protein of WWDG is of rumen degradable character which can affect the value of urea in milk. Amino acid composition of the WWDG is not optimal for lactating dairy cows when the first limiting amino acid is methionine. The phosphorus content of WWDG is higher than that of calcium. In studies, WWDG from Nöbbelöv has been stored for up to eight weeks without any signs of bacteria growth, apart from that of lacto acid bacteria. At the visited farms, the longest storage period was between 3 to 4 weeks. That farm had a cell content in milk of around 50 000 cells per ml milk. During storage, the WWDG loses its palatability. WWDG is easily stored in tanks under- and above-ground. It is important that the tank is emptied properly of WWDG to minimize possible bacteria growth. The WWDG easily settles, and this is prevented by stirring. The nutritional value of settled WWDG changes because of the change in DM and the diet becomes suboptimal. When WWDG is a component of the diet it is important that the other feed complements WWDG content of NDF, rumen-degradable protein and phosphorus. Suitable feeds are grass and corn silage, beet by-products, feeds with low crude protein content and minerals with a low phosphorus content. It is important that the roughage is of good structure as this stimulates rumination. It is beneficial if some straw is fed to give good structure to the rumen. A feed amount of 10-15 kg WWDG per day is suitable for lactating cows. At the visited farms, WWDG was fed in troughs, cribs and in partly mixed ration (PMR) or total mixed ration (TMR) made in feed mixers. To prevent over-consumption of WWDG, the only alternative is feeding with feed mixers. In PMR and TMR, wet distillers' grain is a good substrate to adjust the DM of the feed mix and increases palatability of the feed mix. It is important that the DM does not drop to below 30 %; if this happens the feed will lose its palatability. WWDG can never compensate free access to fresh water for animals. 5 When WWDG is mixed with other feeds or water, the low pH will increase. At higher pH the WWDG is a very good substrate for nutrition, and micro-organisms can grow. To prevent the growth of micro-organisms and affected udder heat when feeding with WWDG, it is important to maintain good hygienic conditions around feeding equipment, feeding places, resting areas, milking and milking equipment. In the different diet suggestions that are optimized in NorFor, road transport of the WWDG within 200 km from Nöbbelöv is financially profitable. A comparison of the diets with WWDG and without WWDG in relation to daily feed costs shows that it is up to 2.21 SEK cheaper per day to feed a cow fed with WWDG. There are approximately 87 000 milking cows within a 200 km radius from Nöbbelöv.

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Keywords: drank, mjölkkor, foder, utfodring, mjölkproduktion
Subject (faculty): Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science > Dept. of Agriculture - Farming Systems, Technology and Product Quality
Divisions: SLU > Faculty of Landscape Planning, Horticulture and Agricultural Science
Depositing User: Sara Slätt
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2008
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2015 10:04
URI: http://ex-epsilon.slu.se/id/eprint/2588

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