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Bjärnborg, Elinor (2007) Samverkan och dialog i landsbygdens landskap. Other thesis, SLU.

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Abstract The planning of landscapes and towns has changed from a top-to-bottom perspective, including a focus on common interests, towards an inclusion of dialogue between planners and inhabitants of the planning area. In the countryside areas there are many interests which could be incorporated in such a dialogue. Still, the landowners have the final right to make the decisions for his or her property. The purpose of this paper is to examine how a dialogue for countryside development works and could be working, what participators of such dialogues are thinking about their right to direct and transform the landscape, and which roles the planners may take in such a context. With this background in mind, I also look back into the history with the intention to understand the situation of today. I am also trying to grasp some points to develop in future projects on countryside development. I investigate these subjects through case studies on three present projects dealing with countryside development. The method is including interviews with some participators in one of the projects, and observations and participation in all the three projects. The aim of the theoretical frame of reference in this paper is to review in which ways the landscape has been planned in former times, and to give an introduction in the theories of communica-tive planning, which constitute the basis of dialogue in contexts of planning. Also, it will show some examples of projects where the method of dialog has been in focus. As a conclusion, I find that the planning of the landscape has changed from a common decision-making of groups of peasants owning land, to a situation where decisions are made by each landowner on his own, in combination with governmental means of control. This is what still is taking place today, but a new ambition of including local influences may now be seen in several projects of countryside development. The interviewees had different opinions of how the landscape is constituted, how it should be used and who should make the decisions. Primarily they cared for their own interest in the project, but they also thought that a mutual understanding is important. Further, there was a contrast between the views of the administration of the municipality. The stakeholders thought that the municipality administration would weigh their interests against each other, while the coordinator of the project meant that the municipality administration would only work as a catalyst of the project. As a conclusion, when initiating the project, it is important to make clear which the aim of the project is and which role each participant has in the project. The projects for countryside development varied in the definition of the problem, size of the project area and degree of citizen influence. This may lead to different degrees of involvement and efficiency. In future projects it is important to discuss which degree of citizen influence that is pursued, before involving the citizens. The planner could, in the process of dialogue, have the role as an expert representing a special field, or be responsible for the overall picture. The planner could also be a coordinator who has knowledge about the planning system and listens to different arguments in a critical way. In addition, I think that the coordinator should have the responsibility to get hold of and invite new interests during the process. An impartial process-supporter with good knowledge in techniques for dialogue is also needed in such processes.

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Keywords: Samverkan, samverkansprocesser, dialog, planering, landsbygdsutveckling, kommunikativ planering, landskapsstrategi
Subject (faculty): Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science > Dept. Landscape Architecture
Divisions: SLU > Faculty of Landscape Planning, Horticulture and Agricultural Science
Depositing User: Elinor Bjärnborg
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2007
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2015 09:55
URI: http://ex-epsilon.slu.se/id/eprint/1975

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