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Ekholm, Anders (2007) Aspekter på flyttkostnader, fastighetsbildning och fastighetstorlekar. Other thesis, SLU.

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Abstract

This master thesis has three purposes. The first purpose is to give a theoretical background of how to divide up forest estates and to study how the legal system for these matters works. A literature study has been carried out to give the background and a theoretical model has been made for analysing the law cases. The first purpose also partly touched the decision process in dividing up forest estates from point of view of the law of land parcelling (FBL), point of view. The second purpose is to examine effects of a change of production requirements in 3 cap.7 § FBL as regards dividing up forest estates of private forest owners. A qualitative investigation has been carried out to identify the underlying reasons why private forest owners in Värmland and Gästrikland are performing changes in their forest estate. The third purpose is to analyse some economic aspects of the size of a forest estate. The method to analyze these aspects is to simulate a mathematical formula considering fixed costs at cut. The formula contains variables which regard costs for moving harvesters upstart, of forest work and costs for loading harvesters machines on trailers. The quantity of timber delivered from forest estates of different sizes is then taken through the sum of these costs. The economic results are in a next step related to 3 cap. 7 § FBL saying that the size of a forest estate is dependent of the production capacity of the soil. As regards the first purpose it is shown by literature and law case studies. It shows that the law process for dividing up a forest estate, from a technically point of view, follows the same procedures as most other law cases. This means that appeal against a court sentence is being done to a higher level of court. A possible difference between cases regarding forest estates and other legal processes is that the decisions are more affected by authorities in the former case. The application of the law of parcelling land, FBL and its 5 and 7 §§, is due to the purpose of the forest estate. The seventh paragraph is mainly used for forest estates without farming area. The fifth paragraph is used when there are other possibilities for incomes than from forestry. The results of the quantitative studies show that the dominating motives for dividing up a forest estate are silviculture efficiency family conflicts and economic aspects. Economic calculations show that the intensity of thinning and final cut has a great impact on the economic result as regards the dependency of the size of the forest. Forest estates which today are divided by means of 3 cap 5, 7 §§ FBL are in an economic point of view economically defendable. But if there will be a change (acceptance of lower production requirements) in this matter it would be easier to create even smaller forest estates. Then it probably would lead to a decrease of capital value in the created forest estates.

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Keywords: Moving costs for harvest machines, Size of forest estate
Subject (faculty): Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science > Dept. of Forest Products
Divisions: SLU > Faculty of Forest Sciences
Depositing User: Hans Fryk
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2007
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2015 09:52
URI: http://ex-epsilon.slu.se/id/eprint/1815

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