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Krekula, Karl Johan (2007) Tekniska möjligheter för artificiell spridning av renlav. Other thesis, SLU.

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Abstract

Forestry and reindeer husbandry are entitled to use the same land for their operations. For this reason, conflicts occasionally arise between them. Soil scarification is a forestry operation which has a negative effect on the occurrence of reindeer lichen. Reindeer lichens are of crucial importance to reindeers and reindeer husbandry, especially in the winter when reindeers primarily feed on different lichen species (Cladina spp. and Cetraria spp.). Lichens are naturally spread through fragmentation and they are therefore suitable for artificial dispersal in the same manner. However, today there exist no technical system for dispersal of reindeer lichen. The objectives of this work was (i) to gather data and information on commercial techniques that possible could be used/adjusted to disperse fragments of reindeer lichens, and (ii) to make a dispersal test with the selected technique in the field. The field test was carried out at Anokangas in Pajala Municipality. A Stihl BG 85 blower device was used for the dispersal test. An all-terrain quad-bike, equipped with a flatbed boggie wagon, was used to carry the blower. To measure the distance that the lichens were spread and the amount of lichen spread, three tarpaulins were placed out at 10-metre intervals. On each tarpaulin, three wooden plates (measuring 25 × 25 cm; 0.0625 sq m) were placed, to measure the amount of reindeer lichen at a distance of one, two and three metres respectively from the track driven. From the sample plates the reindeer lichens were collected and the dry weight (105°C, 24 h) was determined. In all, driving and spread of lichens was replicated10 times and 28 measurements were made of the distance that spread lichens reached. The number of samples to determine moisture content was 84. The mean value of the distance that lichens were spread was 3.0 metres, with a relatively large variation. At a distance of 1 and 2 metres from the driving track (place of dispersal) the amount of spread lichen was approximately 8-10 g/sq m. At a distance of 3 metres, the mean value was 3.0 g/sq m (with a variation down to zero in some measurements). The technical function of the blower was satisfactory except for two occasions when the feed pipe became clogged. Also, the fragmentation achieved with the blower device was good, the resulting size of the fragments varied between a few millimetres and 5 centimetres. In a theoretical example it was estimated that a 5 hectare clear cut area could be treated in 7.25 hours (1.45 h/ha). The driving speed was estimated to 3 km/h, the maximum spread width to 3 metres and the load capacity of the wagon to 250 kg. The dosage was assumed to be 10 g/sq m of dry reindeer lichen (1600 kg/ha). With these prerequisites the total dispersal cost would be ca 1765 SEK per ha. To conclude, the results show that the used blower-technique could be appropriate to spread lichens in small-scale in a cost-efficient manner. However, to enable large-scale and cost-effective spread of lichens technical development is needed. Such development should not be too difficult; by e.g. using a blower with a capacity to spread lichens up to 7.5 m and having a wagon with the capacity to carry 500 kg the productivity should be doubled. The review made in this work on equipment available for dispersal of grain or other small particles supports the belief that technical development could be easily made.

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Keywords: Renlav, spridning
Subject (faculty): Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science > Dept. of Forest Ecology and Management
Divisions: SLU > Faculty of Forest Sciences
Depositing User: Ylva Jonsson
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2007
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2015 09:48
URI: http://ex-epsilon.slu.se/id/eprint/1534

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