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Henriksson, Elin Sofia (2006) Om att bygga landsbygd - ett ruralt planeringsexperiment i Botkyrka. Other thesis, SLU.

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Abstract

I have studied the suburban municipality of Botkyrka, south of Stockholm, from a rural perspective. Through that I`ve compared how countryside comes into being with the planning and building of suburbs. I have looked for a definition of Countryside, and found that it is often explained or defined in negative terms, as what it is not. In that it says nothing about what it really is, or about the qualitiies it has to it. Botkyrka is a suburb, but it does in large parts consist of countryside. Apart from defining countryside and rural I´ve been searching for a definition of suburbia, of it´s structure and the mental picture we have of it as a cultural phenomena. In order to understand the role that suburbs have in planning I describe their history from Italian renaissance villas to sprawl. By opposing urban and rural, modern urban planning and how rural areas are created, I´ve come to a definition of rural planning and the making of countryside. To make countryside, planning and building should come from individual needs and desires. A relationship to the surroundings based on continous interaction between the human beeing and it´s environment, a constant process of shaping and reshaping. To put my thoughts to the ground I have collected examples of projects and ideas, that fits into my view of what rural planning and making countryside is all about. They are put in different categories according to the possibilities of influence and to what degree it is put into private hands. The first category is "allemansrätten", every mans right. That is the rigt to use private land as long as you don´t disturb or destroy. A step further is taken in what I call "nöjesfält", pleasure grounds. That is spaces where the rights are stronger. On theese spots you are allowed to shape and reshape, to mess around, without beeing the owner. Next level is the colony, "kolonin". A plot of land that you rent or own where you can perform spatial activities, e.g. cultivation. The strongest form of privatiziation I have named "egnahem", home of ones own. Here I describe differnt types of building projects, from the little parasite to apartment buildings, all with the individual initiative in common. Landscapes alter quickly depending on what they are used for, and who is tending them. What if we could let that relationship inspire the making of suburbs and cities? To plan in favor of the unplanned, temporary functions and flexibility. What if we could plan for creativity instead of the common ready-mades?

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Keywords: landsbygd, planering, experiment, förort, Botkyrka, kreativitet, interaktion, landskap, skapa, flexibilitet
Subject (faculty): Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science > Dept. of Crop Science
Divisions: SLU > Faculty of Landscape Planning, Horticulture and Agricultural Science
Depositing User: Elin Sofia Henriksson
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2006
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2015 09:45
URI: http://ex-epsilon.slu.se/id/eprint/1356

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