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Blomqvist, Christina (2005) Livet mellan husen. Other thesis, SLU.

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Abstract

The open air museum of Disagården is situated in the Old Uppsala parish, Uppsala municipality, are projected to portray a double row village, before the land enclosure, on the Uppsala plain during the 1860s and 1870s. Disagården operates under the County Museum of Uppland and serves as an exhibit of Uppland's farming culture during the late 19th century. However, an open-air museum is a complex institution where many interests are linked together. Disagården aims to simultaneously portray an historical environment while offering broad public appeal. The Disagården open air museum was inaugurated in 1931 and consists of relocated buildings that together form three farm complexes "Gränbygården", "Skuttungegården" and "Bärbygården". The thesis explores how the close surroundings of a typical farm in Uppland looked during the 1860s and 1870s. This historical depiction has then been applied to Disagården in a development suggestion creating a foundation from which Disagården can structure the close cultivation of the different farms. The basis of the development program has primarily been compiled through archival and literary studies but also through on-site visits and interviews. How did the concept of open air museums start and what were the ideas behind the concept? Which external influences affected the situating of cultivations and buildings? Which crops and species were present on the farms in Uppland during the specified time period? What was the relation of the different structures to each other? Which organizations had influences on the farmer's household of the Uppland plain? The thesis attempts to clarify the answers to these questions. The influences affecting on the farmer's household in Uppland were probably numerous. The vicinity of Uppsala with all its science and research, the Hushållningssällskapet, castles and manors have all left their mark. The Hushållningssällskapet in Uppsala was likely to have had the greatest influence, since its activity was directly aimed at farmers and crofters. Olof Eneroth's book "Trädgård för allmogen" also played an influential role. Since every site for settlement and cultivation is unique due to its location, the farmer's close cultivation came to depend on the factors of the specific site. There was also an internal order of priority for the sowing of different plants. The crop fields, which were by far the largest source of income for the farmers of Uppland's plain, were situated on nutrient-rich clay soil. Even the cabbage patch whose yield was an important source of food could be planted in clay soil. Utilizing the space that was available was of vital importance. Favorable conditions provided by sun, weather and wind were taken into account. Small patches of carrots, snow peas and spices found their place along the wall of the house or by the tool shed. Based on the knowledge collected from the research a development suggestion for Gränbygården, Skuttungegården and Bärbygården has been developed.

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Keywords: Disagården, friluftsmuseum, utvecklingsförslag, bondehushåll, uppländsk bondgård, gårdsstruktur, gårdsmiljö, Gränbygården, Skuttungegården, Bärbygården, kulturväxter
Subject (faculty): Faculty of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences > Dept. of Landscape Planning, Ultuna
Divisions: SLU > Faculty of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences
Depositing User: Marlén Tälleklint
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2006
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2015 09:42
URI: http://ex-epsilon.slu.se/id/eprint/1103

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